Cuban Parole Programs
Historically, there have been several special parole programs administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and its predecessor, the Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS). Parole is a special type of admission to the United States, not a visa, although today Cuban Parole recipients receive a foil in their passports which appears very similar to a visa. Parole is a discretionary program administered by USCIS, though the consular section performs most parole processing. All final parole decisions are made by USCIS. Unlike immigrant visa recipients, parole recipients do not enter the United States as Legal Permanent Residents (LPR). However, the Cuban Adjustment Act currently allows most Cuban parole recipients to apply for LPR status after a minimum of one year’s presence in the United States.
Currently, the Immigrant Visa/Parole Unit handles the following Cuban Parole Programs.
Cuban Family Reunification Parole Program (CP1)
Under this program, which began on November 21, 2007, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) offers beneficiaries of approved family preference-based immigrant visa petitions an opportunity to travel to the United States rather than remain in Cuba until their immigrant visa case becomes current. Approved parolees can apply for legal permanent resident status (a “green card”) after spending the required amount of time in the United States. The purpose of the program is to expedite family reunification through safe, legal, and orderly channels of migration to the United States and to discourage dangerous and irregular maritime migration.
Filing a family reunification parole application
The Department of State’s National Visa Center (NVC) mails a written notice to the U.S.-based United States citizen and lawful permanent resident petitioners whose Forms I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, have been approved, informing them of their beneficiary’s eligibility to participate in the CFRP Program. Participation in the CFRP is voluntary.
Once a petitioner completes and returns the form requesting their beneficiary’s case be processed under the CFRP, the National Visa Center sends a letter to the petitioner with instructions and requesting documentation needed to process the case under this program.
The National Visa Center (NVC) also provides instructions to schedule the interview appointment through our Visa Information and Appointment Scheduling Center at 1-866-374-1769, Monday through Friday, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Petitioners require information contained in the letter from NVC to schedule the appointment, and should not attempt to do so until receiving the letter. Note that the scheduling center charges a small fee to use its services.
The Parole Interview
On the day of their interview, parole applicants should arrive at the park located near the U.S. Interests Section on Calzada and K streets at 7:00 a.m. with their original documentation, including any documentation already requested by the National Visa Center, even if that information was already sent to NVC, civil documents to prove the applicant's relationship to the petitioner, valid passport, and current medical examination results. The applicant must arrive alone for his/her scheduled appointment. After the interview, the case will be sent to USCIS for a final determination of eligibility. If the parole is approved, the applicant will receive their travel documents approximately four to six weeks from the date of the interview, although this time can be longer, particularly in the late summer and early fall. Some cases require additional administrative processing that can take additional weeks or months to complete. All parole applicants can check our website to verify their documents are available for pick-up.
To have their medical examination parole applicants should present to the hospital the letter to participate in the CFRP in which the National Visa Center states that the case has been forwarded to the U.S. Interests Section and the list of hospitals (PDF 37 KB) designated for that purpose.
Cuban applicants eligible to participate in the Cuban Family Reunification Parole Program will not need to pay any fees at the time of their interview. The new USCIS green card fee approved Immigrant Visa applicants pay does NOT apply to parole cases.
Affidavit of Support
In July 2012, USCIS began instructing all new applicants requesting Cuban Parole to bring an I-134 affidavit of support. Applicants with existing appointments are not required to do so, but must be able to demonstrate to the interviewing consular officer that they will not become a public charge in the United States. The interviewing consular officer or the office of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service in Havana (USCIS) may still request an affidavit of support.
Family Based Paroles (CP-3)
Another part of the Cuban Parole Program permits eligible Cuban citizens who are at least 21 years of age and have been issued an immigrant visa or CP1 parole to request family-based parole for certain family members. CP3 parole is a two-step process –requesting approval to participate in the program, and then applying for the parole itself.
Applications to participate in the program must be made at the time of the immigrant visa or CP1 parole applicant’s interview. An immigrant visa or CP1 parole applicant will not be able to request parole after this time. All applications for family-based parole will be reviewed by USCIS to determine the applicant’s eligibility for the program. Once USCIS has made a determination about an application, the U.S. Interests Section will contact the family with this decision. We ask that you do not contact us.
Once Request is Approved
If approved to participate, the immigrant visa or CP1 parole applicant will be scheduled to come to the U.S. Interests Section to pick up the packet of required forms needed for his or her relatives’ consular interview. If the immigrant visa applicant is unable to come to the appointment, the CP3 parole applicant may come to pick up the packet. On that day, the applicant will be provided with forms and instructions to schedule his or her interview appointment.
At the time of their interview, applicants will need to provide the following documents:
- Photocopy of the visa from the person requesting parole showing the immigrant visa or CP1 parole recipient has entered the United States.
- Valid passport and a photocopy of the pages where the issuance and expiration dates appear.
- Immigrant visa forms DS-230, part I and II. Note: Given the long wait times for an appointment, these forms are likely to change prior to the applicant’s interview. At the time of the interview, the consular officer may require the applicant to complete a current form.
- (2) Frontal color photos measuring 50mm x 50mm.
- Birth certificate.
- Current marriage certificate (if applicable).
- Divorce certificates from any previous marriage (if applicable).
- If widowed, death certificate from previous spouse.
- Documents that prove the relationship between the visa holder and the parole applicant. In the case of a child, the applicant will need to provide a birth certificate stating that the child is the son/daughter of the visa holder. In the case of a brother or sister, the applicant will need to provide his or her birth certificate and that of the visa holder.
- Police certificates/court records (for applicants sixteen years of age or older).
- Medical exam. Applicants need to check the list of hospitals (PDF 37 KB) where they can have their medical examination.
- Affidavit of Support, Form I-134 (PDf 113 KB).
The Interview Process
Once applicants have been approved to participate in the program, they should ask a family member or associate in the United States to schedule an interview appointment on their behalf by contacting our Visa Information and Appointment Scheduling Service at 1-866-374-1769, Monday through Friday, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m (Eastern Time). The person scheduling the appointment will need to pay a nominal fee to be charged to his or her Visa or Mastercard credit account. At that time, the family member or associate scheduling the appointment will need to provide the the HAV case number of the visa holder who requested parole at their interview.
Additional Information about Family-Based Parole
Currently, extremely high demand and limited appointments slots mean there is a lengthy wait to obtain a CP3 interview appointment. In many cases, it may be faster for the immigrant visa or the CP1 parole recipient to file an I-130 petition for the potential CP3 applicant once the immigrant visa or CP1 parole recipient qualifies to do so.
Please keep in mind that Family-Based Parole requests take a considerable amount of time to be processed. Visa holders do not need to be present during this process, and must enter the United States before the applicant will be issued a visa.
Cuban Lottery (1998) (CP2 and CP5)
The Special Program for Cuban Migration
The U.S. Interests Section is not currently accepting appointment requests for parole under this program. The Special Program for Cuban Migration, otherwise known as the bombo, is currently suspended, and any change in the availability of appointments for bombo applicants will be announced on the Interests Section's website.
Other Information about Paroles
There is no appeal process of a CP1 or CP-3 parole denial, however, an applicant may submit a signed written request for reconsideration, within 90 days of the date of the adjudication, by e-mail to email@example.com or by regular mail/courier to:
Sección de Intereses
Referencia: reconsideración de parole
Calle Calzada e/L y M
Ciudad Habana 10400
Due to the nature of the Cuban Parole Programs, applicant interviews are already expedited significantly compared to applicants from any other nation. In addition, Cuban government restrictions on the number of our staff limit the number of interviews we can do per year. As a result, we can accept only a small percentage of expedite requests we receive, and only under very compelling circumstances. The U.S. Interests Section will consider expediting a parole appointment under the following circumstances:
- Terminal illness of the petitioner or beneficiary. In such a case medical documentation of the illness and prognosis must be provided.
- Applicant’s Ministry of the Armed Forces exit permission (liberacion) will expire prior to the appointment.
- Male applicant under 16 will reach military age (16) prior to the appointment.
- Minor children of immigrant visa or CP1 parole recipients whose visa or parole will expire prior to the appointment.
Appointment Procedures for Cuban Parole Cases
Family members and associates in the United States can schedule appointments on behalf of persons applying for parole as an eligible family member of an immigrant visa holder by calling 1-866-374-1769 from anywhere in the U.S, between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. (Eastern Time), Monday-Friday.
To use the service family members or associates in the U.S. purchase a Personal Identification Number (PIN). PINs can be purchased for $11 USD using Visa or MasterCard. The PIN will allow the caller to access the service multiple times for information and appointment scheduling for up to a total of 8 minutes. The PIN is nonrefundable. In the event it is lost the applicant will have to obtain a new one. If the time allowed for the PIN runs out, the caller must obtain a new PIN and call the service again. Up to 5 immediate family members residing in the same household may be scheduled on one call using one PIN. The caller will need full name of the applicant as it appears in the passport; passport number; date and country of birth; applicant's complete address, including contact phone number in Cuba, and the applicant's unique identifying number provided by the National Visa Center.
Attorneys and Family members
The U.S. Interests Section (USINT) of Havana appreciates the contributions that attorneys and family members may make to the expeditious processing of immigrant visa applications, especially in ensuring that all required documentation is in order and properly prepared prior to the interview. However, USINT does not permit attorneys or family members, with the exception of those assisting minors and the physically disabled, to accompany immigrant visa or parole applicants to their interviews or to participate in the interviews.
For additional, prerecorded information regarding immigrant visa processing, please contact the Information Unit at (53)(7) 839-4101. For issues not answered by the telephone information, you may send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
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